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  • The Art of Chinese Calligraphy Painting

    Chinese Calligraphy Painting

    Calligraphy is the art of writing Chinese characters and especially refers to the rules of writing with a brush. The art originated in China around 4,000 - 5,000 years ago and spread to other parts of the Orient with Chinese culture

    Calligraphy and painting are regarded as two treasures in China. Together with Qin, the ancient Zheng, and Qi, the chess, they formed the four skills for a learned and elegant scholar to pursue in ancient times. They were also held as a good exercise to cultivate one's temperament.

    Chinese Culture

    Chinese culture is full of symbols and signs of good luck, and objects that stand to prove that culture and art  play a very important role in the country’s future. Traditional handicrafts often represent a nation’s beauty, and the Chinese are set in this belief.

    Materials for Calligraphy Painting

    Chinese history is known for its highly stylised form of writing, developed and shaped by calligraphers throughout the country. Even today, the four treasures of study – ink stick, ink slab, writing brush and paper – are tools that calligraphers are seldom found without.

    Chinese ink sold in solid stick form is lavishly decorated. The ink is made from pinewood soot mixed with gum resin. Ink stones are hard, flat and dabbed with water for use.


    There are seven standard strokes, called the Seven Mysteries. They consist of the horizontal line, the dot, the sweeping downward stroke, the sharp curve and two forms of the downward stroke: one with a hook and one in a 45-degree angle.

    There are five major styles of Chinese calligraphy: Zuan, Li, Tsao, Hsin and Kai. With all, the palm may not touch the brush, which is held vertically to the paper.

    Chinese Calligraphy in Different Styles


    Chinese Characters

    If you’re interested in learning Character strokes, you can check out  the written Chinese dictionary that has stroke animations for 1000s of characters.

    Just like working on anything else, practising calligraphy requires unremitting efforts. If you’re interested in it, you may start practising with a professional Chinese calligraphy teacher.



    Billeter, Jean François. The Chinese Art of Writing. New York: Skira/Rizzoli, 1990.

    Harrist, Robert, and Wen Fong. The Embodied Image: Chinese Calligraphy from the John B. Elliott Collection. Princeton: Art Museum, Princeton University in association with Harry N. Abrams, 1999.

    Kraus, Richard Curt. Brushes with Power: Modern Politics and the Chinese Art of Calligraphy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

    Sullivan, Michael. The Three Perfections: Chinese Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy. Rev. ed. New York: George Braziller, 1999.

    Yee, Chiang. Chinese Calligraphy: An Introduction to Its Aesthetics and Technique. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.

    Links: 2018.

  • Escoda Brushes

    A Little Background

    For over 80 years, Escoda – a family business based in Barcelona – have been handcrafting high quality brushes for all forms of artistic expression.  Founded in 1933, Josep Escoda Roig (1902-1982) had the dream of starting a company that would produce high quality brushes for fine artists; 3 generations later the world renowned company is still flourishing.  Today, Escoda have a wide range of natural and synthetic brushes, of which they handcraft around 1 million every year whilst maintaining their dedication to create the best brushes possible.

    Expertly Crafted Brushes

    When crafting their brushes, Escoda marry expert skill with the highest quality raw materials, ensuring the final quality of each brush stroke and the lifespan of their range.  Each brush is handmade by highly trained brush makers and must meet the high standards set out by Josep Snr.  A wide selection of natural and synthetic fibre brushes are available, each designed with their specific qualities in mind to provide the artist the best possible brush.

    Escoda's natural hair brushes are the result of decades of experience and knowledge into what makes the perfect brush for each medium. For oils and acrylics, Escoda's Bravo (ox ear), Saturno (polecat), Arco (badger) and Clasico (hog bristles) ranges provide artists with robust, predictable brushes in different sizes designed to compliment the natural properties of the paint.  For water-colourists, the Artesana (pony), Aquario (squirrel) and Reserva (kolinsky) ranges provide the soft fine hairs necessary for a delicate touch and increased control.

    Not only do they make exceptional quality natural brushes, but they also have a large range of synthetic fibre options. Each artificial brush is designed specifically to produce the same high quality performance and brushstroke as the traditional brush - for many artist this provides a new standard for their practice.

    Escoda - Brush Features

    The Escoda family and their dedicated team of highly trained brush makers have transformed the making of brushes into an art form of its very own. Here are a couple videos from their Youtube channel demonstrating the process and craftsmanship standards the Escoda family strive to maintain.


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